With a 100 watt transceiver and a simple wire antenna you can start to communicate and make friends with other hams all over the country or the world.
HF is different than FM repeaters.
•No “machine” or infrastructure is used.
•Allows communication beyond line of sight. Contacts are generally a couple of hundred miles to over several thousand miles.
•Propagation is strongly effected by solar activity.
•Several communication modes are available to use. SSB, CW, RTTY, SSTV, Digital, AM
When most people hear the term “ham radio” they generally think of HF or shortwave and long distance communications.
HF stands for HIGH FREQUENCYHIGH FREQUENCYHIGH FREQUENCY
These are the frequencies from 1.8* to 30 MHz or the 160 meter to 10 meter bands.
HF is also known as short waves
*160m is actually a Mid Frequency (MF) band but it is included in the Amateur HF bands for ease of discussion.
Building a Station
There are basically two main components involved:
1.A 100 watt Transceiver and
2.An antenna system. The antenna system consists of the radiator, feedline and matching network.
Keeping a Log Book
At one time, keeping a log of your contacts was an FCC requirement. The FCC has dropped this equirement in recent years, but many amateurs, both new and old, still keep logs.
Why Keep a Log?
If keeping a log is optional, why do it? Some of the more important reasons for keeping a log include:
Legal protection — If you can show a complete log of your activity, it can help you deal with interference complaints. Good recordkeeping can help you protect yourself if you are ever accused of intentional interference, or have a problem with unauthorized use of your call sign.
Awards tracking — A log helps you keep track of contacts required for DXCC, WAS, or other awards. Keeping a log lets you quickly see how well you are progressing toward your goal.
An operating diary — A log book is a good place for recording general information about your station. You may be able to tell just how well that new antenna is working compared to the old one by comparing recent QSOs with older contacts. The log book is also a logical place to record new acquisitions (complete with serial numbers in case your gear is ever stolen). You can also record other events, such as the names and calls of visiting operators, license upgrades, or contests, in your log.Paper and Computer Logs
Many hams, even those with computers, choose to keep their logs on paper. Paper logs still offer several advantages (such as flexibility) and do not require power. Paper logs also survive hard-drive crashes!
Preprinted log sheets are available, or you can create your own. Computers with word processing and publishing software let you create customized log sheets in no time. On the other hand, computer logs offer many advantages to the serious contester or DXer. For example, the computer can search a log and instantly tell you whether you need a particular station for DXCC. Contesters use computer logs in place of dupe sheets to weed out duplicate contacts before they happen, saving valuable time. Computer logs can also tell you at a glance how far along you are toward certain awards. Computer logging programs are available from commercial vendors. Some programs may be available as shareware (you can download it from a website and pay for the program if you like the way it works). If you can program your computer, you can also create your own custom logging program, and then give it to your friends or even sell it!
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